This medical-surgical specialty consists of orthopedics, which deals with the study and treatment of bone and joint deformations, and traumatology which studies and treats physical trauma.
Currently, Orthopedics and Traumatology are grouped together in a single specialty dealing with the study and treatment of diseases and traumatic injuries or of other nature of the musculoskeletal system. It provides movement, from simple gestures necessary to perform normal daily activities, to the most spectacular manifestations of sport or artistic performance. The locomotor system gives shape, stability, and protects the organs. It consists of bones, muscles, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and other connective tissues.
The doctors specializing in orthopedic traumatology are specialized in chronic orthopedic pathology, acute traumatic pathology, and pathology specific to athletes and to those who practice sport.
In Orthopedics and Traumatology an accurate diagnosis is necessary before establishing any medical intervention. Orthopedic evaluation is complex and may include laboratory investigations (evaluation of phosphor-calcium metabolism, uric acid), radiological examination (tracing fractures, arthrosis), joint fluid test (septic arthritis, gout), but can be extended to bone densitometry (identification of osteoporosis), magnetic resonance (in trauma, highlights the periarticular soft tissue injuries, ligament and muscle lesions), or computerized tomography (views the muscle, blood vessels, and bone density).
The treatment of the conditions may be medical, surgical, or physical.