Orthodontics is the specialty that deals with straightening the position of the teeth, adjusting the occlusion (bite) and reports of the two jaws. Orthodontics deals with correcting malocclusions.
Besides the unsightly appearance, the crooked teeth are harder to care for, can be lost earlier due to decay and periodontitis. In addition, the chewing muscles take an extra effort that can lead to headaches, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, and pain in the neck, shoulder and back.
In general, the orthodontic treatment should begin in childhood, around the age of seven, or when the child has between four and six milk teeth. In this phase of development, the doctor can already see the potential problems of jaw growth and permanent teeth. The orthodontic treatment benefits include a better oral health overall, a more pleasant appearance and a higher durability of the teeth. In conclusion, through orthodontics we correct dental anomaly, preserve healthy tooth structure, and ensures stability of the treatment in time.
The orthodontic braces are of several types (fixed or mobile, visible, or invisible) and are recommended by the orthodontist for each individual case. They act to realign the teeth, retraining the muscles, and influencing jaw growth. The orthodontic braces work by exerting a gentle pressure on the teeth and jaws.
Orthodontics is not just for children but also for adults. Thanks to modern techniques, teeth can be straightened at any age. There are invisible orthodontic devices that can be worn by people who do not want this to be seen. Besides the esthetic appearance that the orthodontic treatments give (sometimes the physiognomy changes are improved considerably), they provide a health status of the maxillary dental device. The most common causes underlying dental abnormalities are multiple: heredity, different syndromes, bad habits (sucking the thumb, tongue, lip, or other objects, etc.). For adults, the most likely scenario is that of an accident, trauma or not straitening the crooked teeth in time.
Orthodontics in children should not be seen only in terms of aesthetics, besides correcting the image of the face and mouth, with straightening of the teeth and achieving a correct bite, the child can talk more easily, can chew the food easier, and of course to brush the teeth more easily, which leads automatically to prevent problems like gingivitis and tooth decay.
When the upper front teeth come out front more than the lower ones;
Reverse occlusion (under-bite
“aspectul de bulldog"Bulldog look", when the lower front teeth come out far in front, or the upper ones are withdrawn far in the back;
When the upper teeth do not fit in front over the lower ones for a normal bite;
Forming a space between the occlusal surfaces of the front and / or side teeth when you bite on the back teeth;
Malocclusion on the midline - when the center of the upper front teeth does not align with the center of the lower front teeth;
Teeth spacing - interdental spaces or "toothless gap", a result of missing teeth or teeth that does not fill the entire arch;
Crowded teeth - when there are too many teeth to have room on the dental arch.