Odontology treats the carious and non-carious lesions - fractures, dystrophies, dental wear lesions. It is a dental restoration therapy that restores the integrity of natural teeth. The restorations can be direct - fillings, or indirect – uni-dental and pluri-dental. The restorative dentistry procedures include: esthetic composite fillings, metal fillings, inlays or indirect fillings - inlay and onlay (partial crown), direct composite veneers.
The cavities have bacterial origin that causes demineralization and destruction of hard dental tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). The treatment of caries lesions (tooth decay) is one of the most frequent reasons that patients show up at the dental practice. The carious lesions can have various shapes from incipient caries visible on the occlusal side of the tooth, to proximal (interdental) caries, in various stages of evolution which the patient often does not notice (therefore does not address the dentist for treatment). When the carious lesion is noticed by the patient, it is already at an advanced stage, and treatment is not simple. We can meet front teeth caries involving a different number of surfaces to collection caries located near the gums (another type of caries often overlooked).
The most obvious sign of a new carious lesion is the appearance of a chalky white spots on the tooth surface, indicating an area of demineralization of the enamel. If the lesion continues to demineralize, it changes its color to brown and will eventually become a cavity. In the state of chalk-white spot the process can be reversible, but once it forms a cavity, the lost tooth structure cannot be regenerated. The active lesion can be lighter and can be seen through the transparence of the enamel. The caries can be simple when it doesn't reach the pulp (nerve), or complicated when it causes irreversible changes to the tooth nerve requiring its removal.
Dental cavities can also cause bad breath and fetid taste. The teeth with the highest risk of dental caries are the first and second permanent molar because of the time period they are present in the oral cavity and the complex surface anatomy.
You can prevent tooth decay easily by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting the dentist for de-scaling and professional brushing, as well as avoiding foods which are high in sugar (sugar is the breeding ground for the development of Streptococcus Mutans responsible for decay). The treatment is variable depending on the severity of the lesion.
In our clinic we use light-curing composite materials of the latest generation that give a great resistance and excellent aesthetic results.